eCrime – Faculty of Law, University of Trento
eCrime is the research Group on ICT, law and criminology at the Faculty of Law of the University of Trento and is coordinated by Andrea Di Nicola, assistant professor in criminology and member of the Faculty of Law. eCrime is an highly interdisciplinary institution that brings new IT to bear on crime and crime related issues, along with studying the place of the internet in criminal activities. In particular, its research activities focus on: crime and ICT; authors and victims of crime and ICT; strategies against crime and ICT; sources of information on crime and ICT; tools and criminological research methods and ICT; connected legal aspects. The research group collaborates with national and international universities and research centres as well as national and international public institutions and private companies. eCrime, since its foundation in 2011, has been awarded several European research projects, obtaining around € 2.000.000 funds, mainly in the field of organised crime and ICT, evaluation of policies to counteract specific forms of crime, and predictive urban security.
The Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA) has, since 2004, been the national authority responsible for drugs regulation in Italy.
It cooperates with regional authorities, the National Institute of Health, research institutes, patients’ associations, health professionals, scientific associations, the pharmaceutical industry, and distributors.
The AIFA’s mission is to:
- promote good health through medicines;
- set fair pharmaceutical policies and assure their consistent application nationwide;
- manage the value and cost of medicines;
- promote pharmaceutical research and development.
AIFA pays particular attention to the fake medicines issue. That the phenomenon is burgeoning is evidenced by the growing amounts of illegal products seized by customs and police forces in all European countries.
The main activity areas of the AIFA Unit dealing with counterfeit medicines and pharmaceutical crimes are:
- development of IT intelligence projects (EG internet monitoring to identify illegal pharmacies responsible for the sale of dangerous products);
- development of regulatory proposals: the Unit has actively participated in numerous international initiatives and in the definition of two important regulatory instruments aimed at redefining the anti-counterfeiting activities framework: the Council of Europe “MediCrime Convention” and the amendment to European Directive 2001/83;
- intersectorial training sessions (for customs, police forces, health authorities);
- communication projects on the risks posed by falsified products (targeting health professionals and the general public).
At the University of Teesside (Middlesbrough - UK) research in criminology is carried out in the Teesside Centre for Realist Criminology. The work of the Centre demonstrates a commitment to criminological realism; that is, the depiction of the world intellectually in ways that represent its actuality. Dr Georgios Antonopoulos, Professor in Criminology and member of the Centre is a partner of the project.
The “Centro di Ricerche e Studi su Sicurezza e Criminalità” (RiSSC) is a non-profit association that deals with security and crime. RiSSC promotes social and cultural development on crime prevention by means of research activities, education/training initiatives, and technical assistance projects on the main criminal phenomena and their trends, on the causes/factors that facilitate crime and anti-social behaviour, and on the countermeasures to prevent/reduce both crimes and their impact. RiSSC implements projects for prevention and risk reduction in favour of public and private bodies, involving a network of experts and researchers who contribute to a multi-disciplinary approach.
INTERPOL is the world’s biggest international police organization, with a membership of 190 member countries.
The goal of the organisation is to facilitate cooperation among police forces worldwide: in order to fight crime it helps police by providing them with relevant data, training, as well as secure communication channels.
The mission of INTERPOL is “preventing and fighting crime through enhanced cooperation and innovation on police and security matters”.
The MPCPC (Medical Products Counterfeiting and Pharmaceutical Crime) is the unit of INTERPOL that:
- coordinates operations in the field to disrupt transnational criminal networks (e.g. “PANGEA”);
- deliver training in order to build the skills and knowledge of all agencies involved in the fight against pharmaceutical crime;
- build partnerships across a variety of sectors.
The International Institute of Research against Counterfeit Medicine (IRACM) is a French organization specialized in the fight against counterfeit medicines. The missions of the institute are:
- to inform and educate as many people as possible about the risks (health, economic, legal) related to the counterfeiting of medicines and health products;
- to train and federate the stakeholders (doctors, pharmacists, customs officers, police agents, health regulators) engaged in the fight against the traffic of fake drugs;
- to centralize knowledge, good practices and know-how in the fight against counterfeit drugs;
- to serve as a proactive interlocutor and advisory body proposing advice and solutions to national and international political and judiciary authorities.
Legitscript is a private company which promotes safety and transparency for online pharmacies and health products. Its mission is to make Internet pharmacies and health product sector operating online safer and more transparent for both individuals and businesses.